International (gTLD, generic top-level domain) are domain zones created to divide the addresses of a certain type of organization or community. These domains are available to everyone. These include: .com, .net, .org, .info and others.
New international (new gTLDs) are a new generation of generic TLDs that allow personalization of a resource. In 2012, ICANN (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) opened a call for applications for those who wanted to create their own TLD. Although the application cost was $ 185,000, the corporation received more than 2,000 applications. There are many new gTLDs registered today. These include: .app, .photography, .today, and similar domains.
Sponsored (sTLD, sponsored top-level domains) is a domain zone sponsored by a specific community. The participating communities are based on ethnic, geographic, professional, technical, or other thematic concepts. Sponsors establish and enforce rules restricting owners’ right to register in this zone.
For example, the .post domain for mail services is sponsored by the Universal Postal Union, and ICM Registry sponsors the .xxx domain for 18+ sites.